> >
<<
>>
<< >>

9.4. ()

() R [. (9.40)]. R (. 9.3). (9.33) (9.35) (9.33),

(9.44), , ,

, R : b , (9.45) R

. 9.12

. 9.12, R (. 9.12, ) . . 9.12, i . (9.31) ) (. ) (. 9.12, ). (. 9.12, ) ( ), ( , , , . 9.12, ), , , , .

, . (9.32) (9.35), ,

(9.47) (9.24)

() . . 9.10, :

. ,

, [. (9.29)].

(9.42) , ,

(9.49) (9.50),

- .

(9.51) (9.47) , , , ,

, , (9.51) , (. . 9.11, ). (9.48) ,

(9.53) ,

(9.54), (. 9.3).

9.3

L . 9.3.

(9.51) L, , . 9.11, :

, . 9.11, :

(9.56) (9.57) (. 12.4). (9.48) , (9.56) (9.57).

, . 8.5, ( ).

1.

(9.57)

( 1 2, . . 8.5, ) (9.57) . [. (9.49)]

    (9.59)

[. (9.51)]

2.

(9.56)

2 ,

5.

(9.48)

(9.63) . (9.49) 3

(9.51)

(9.60), (9.61) (9.65), , .

, [. (8.71)]

(9.66)

(9.68) (8.76), (9.68) EF ( (9.68) , EF, ).

, , 8.6. , .

. , (. . 9.9, , ).

, (. 9.13, ):

. 9.9, 9.13, :

    (9.69)

. 9.13

(9.69) (9.20) , , ,

(9.69) (9.70), , (. . 9.9, ),

b (. 9.13, )

(. 9.13, ) (. 9.13, ) 2; (. 9.13, ) 3,

b ,

. 9.13, -:

k , ;

(9.71), (9.73) (9.47), .

. 9.14

. , . 9.14, , . (. 9.14, )

(. 9.14, )

. 9-14, ,

(9.76) (9.74) , , ,

(9.77) (9.76), , , (9.75)

b (. 9.14, , )

, . 9.15,

a (9.78) b (9.81) (9.47), .

. 9.15

, . , , , , . ( ). , . , . 9.16, .

(. 9.16, )

. 9.16

(. 9.16, )

. 9.16, , :

(9.84) (9.82) , , ,

    (9.85)

(9.85)

,

. 9.16, .

b. . 9.16, N, Q . . 9.16, , . 9.16,

, . 9.16, , , :

. 9.17

, ( ). ,

. 9.4 (9.92), . (. 9.17, ).

. 9.18

9.4. (. )

9.5. (. )

b (9.92) (. 9.17, ). . 9.17, , N=1, Q=1 =1. , b , . 9.4.

(9.47).

, , . . 9.5 . - ; . . 9.5: .

. 9.18 . ,

<< >>