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, , (. Dirac . . . Physikalische Zeitschrift der Sowjetunion, 1933 vol 3, p 64) (.: Feynman R. P. Rev. Mod. Phys., 1948, vol. 20, p. 367). : Feynman R. P., Ffibbs A. R. Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965 [ : P., . . .: , 1968.]. mohoi : . .- , 1965. - (.: Zinti-Justin J. Trends in Elementary Particle Theory: . : Lecture Notes in Physics . 37/ed. H. Rolnik, K. Dietz. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1975), JI. . (: Faddeev L. D. . craiefl. Methods in Field Theory/ed. R. Balian, J. Zinn-Justin. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1976). , , (.: Schwinger J Phys. Rev., 1951, vol. 82, p 914 [ . : , .: , 1954, . 115.], (.: Abarbanel . D. I. , : Cargese Lectures in Physics/ed. D. Bessis. New York: Gordon and Beach, 1970).

: Coleman S., Weinberg E. Phys. Rev., ser. D, 1973, vol.7, p. 1888, (.: Coleman S. Secret Symmetry. .: Laws of Hadronic Matter. Proc of the 11th Course, International School in Physics Ettore Majorana/ed. A. Zichicbi. New York: Academic Press, 1975 [ : , .: , 1977.]. , , : lliopoulos J., Itzykson ., Martin . Rev. Mad. Phys., 1975, vol. 47, p. 165.

(: Dirac F. . . Proc Roy. Soc.. 1958, vol. 246, p. 326). . . (.: . . , 1969, . 1, . 3).

: DybonF.J. Phys. Rev., 1952, vol. 85, p. 631. (.: Jaffe A.M. Comrnun. Math. Phys., 1965, vol. 1, p. 127). , ( Graffi S., Grecchi ., Simon S.-Phys. Lett. ser. B, 1970, vol. 32, p. 631) By (: Bender . ., Wu . . Phys. Rev., 1969, vol. 184, p. 1231. Phys. Rev Lett., 1971, vol. 27, p. 461; Phys. Rev., ser. D, 1973, vol 7, p 1620). : Darken R. F., Hasslacher ., Neveu . Phys Rev., ser D, 1974, vol. 10, p. 4114.

: . , , 1977, . 45, . 216; Brezin ., Le Guillou J.C., Zinn-Justin .Phys. Rev., ser. D, 1977, vol. 15, pp. 1544, 1588.

: . ., . . , .: , 1978; . . ,.: , 1976; . . . .: - , 1976.

: . ., . . . : 2-80-462, 1980.

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